The Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) service, works with children and young people with disabilities and special educational needs that makes it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age. These children need extra help and support in education to enable them to maximize their learning potential.
The term Special Educational Needs encompasses a wide range of learning needs. The Code of Practice lists the following four areas:
Communication and interaction;
Cognition and learning;
- Social, emotional and mental health difficulties; and
- Sensory and/or physical needs.
Children may need extra help and support within one or more of these areas.
The Equality Act 2010 defines a person with a disability as someone who has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on his or her ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities.
The definition of disability encompasses a broader range of impairments than might be commonly assumed, including children with autism and those with communication, emotional and behavioural difficulties.